Les Regimbeau
Les Regimbeau
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The surnames of Regimbeau, Régimbeau, Ragimbeau, Regimbaud, Regimbald, Regembald, Reginbald and Reginbold all appear to be evolutions of the same name, there are also some Latin and Etruscan spellings such as Reginobaldus and Regimbaldo. As the name moved around geographically, it would havebeen written as it was pronounced, different dialects and languages have lead to this diversity of spellings. In the history of Piemonte (in north west Italy) it is known that born in 671AD there was a Duke Ragimberto of Turin, who was briefly King of Lombardy and the Holy Roman Empire in the years 700-701. Upon the death of King Cuniberto in 700 the crown was to pass to his under-age son Liutberto, Ragimberto rose aginst Liutberto and his guardian AnsprandoIt and defeated AnsprandoIt's forces in battle at Novara, imprisoning the child Luitberto and taking the throne. He reigned for just one year before his own death in 701. After this time the family fell on hard times and some travelled to Germany, some to Spain and some remained in Northern Italy. Some three generations later there is mention in the Langobardi documents to Regimbaldo, the last Duke of Clusium in Italy around 775. Clusium is the latin name for what was one of the twelve cities of Etruria and is now called Chiusi (a small town of about 10,000 in Tuscany). The Etruscan Duke was known to have a strong alliance with the Frankish King Charles 742-814. In the Antichi documents there are numerous references to Ragimbaldo, Abbot of St Maria di Palazzolo, Ravenna in 955. Land records show a Ragimberto of Treviolo selling the Lands of Albiare in Lallio for twenty pieces of good silver in 982. The Lands of Albiare today are an area to the North of Monza. In the medieval Nervesa Documents it is says that in 994, the germanic Ottone III, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, gave land to Regimbaldo di Treviso (Regimbaldo of Treviso). This document also says that the Regimbaldo family later took the name Collalto, the Collalto family subsequently had a complete dynasty of Ramboldos but this is confusing as the Nervesa Documents talk of both Regimbaldo and Ramboldo seperately. In writings of the history of the name Collalto, it says that the origins lie in the name of Raimbaldo (yet another spelling). It seems most probable that a Regimbaldo built the original Castle at Collalto and became Regimbaldo of Collalto, known in history as Raimbaldo I, Conti (Count) di Collalto. It is very easy to see how difficult 10th Century documents are to understand and translate when their condition is taken into account. The coat of arms of Collalto is one of the oldest known in heraldry, the Sable (black) and Argent (white, silver) shield of four quarters, they are known to have used this banner since before 1000 AD so may have originally been the coat of arms of Regimbaldo. In 1027, there was a Bishop (Vescovo) Regimbaldo from the County of Turicchi in the Dominion of Firenze (Florence) recorded. From 1125 to 1140, Reginberto of Sabiona was recorded as the Prince Bishop of Bressanone. The name appears in Germany with reports of the battle of Lechfeld (August 10, 955 AD). "Count Dietbold of Dillingen fell together with his nephew Reginbald (son of Dietbold's sister, Liutgard) in the battle of Lechfeld against the Magyars.". The Battle of Lechfeld took place in 955 when King Otto I put an end to the Magyar (Hungarian) threat to his Eastern Frankish kingdom in a battle fought on the approach to Augsburg on the rough ground lying between between the Rivers Lech and Schmutter. Otto's army was made up of three Bavarian legions, the Franks, the Saxons, two legions of Swabians and a legion of Bohemians. Subsequently a Reginbold took the title of "Graf Reginbold I von Dillingen" (Count of Dillingen). Dillingen is a town in Swabia (now South West Bavaria). His   sucsessor,   Graf   Reginbold   II   von   Dillingen   was   educated   at   the   St.   Gallen   Monastery   in   Switzerland,   he   became   the   Abbot   at   Lorsch    in   1018,   before   being appointed   by   Konrad   II   to   the   post   of   Bishop   of   Speyer   and   Limburg   in   1032.   Konrad   the   Red   (as   he   was   known)   commissioned   Reginbold   to   found   the cathedral   at   Speyer    and   his   name   can   still   be   seen   on   the   bronze   doors   of   the   cathedral .   The   spelling   varies   with   Reginbaldus,   Regimbaut,   Reginbold   and Regimbald   all   common.   He   is   remembered   now   as   Saint   Regimbald    (feastday   13   October).   It   was   documented   in   1033   that   "The   oratory   of   St   Peter   in Wissembourg   was   dedicated   by   Reginbold,   bishop   of   Spirensus   (the   old   spelling   of   Speyer),   and   an   eclipse   of   the   sun   occurred   on   the   nativity   of   the apostles.". He remained bishop until his death in 1039 and his ashes lie in the crypt, the cathedral was completed in 1060. During   the   medieval   period   the   name   Reginbold   appears   regularly   in   connection   with   the   Princes   of   Isenburg .   Count   Regimbold   was   the   uncle   of   Henry   I. Reginbold of Moselgau  can be traced back to 1059. In   France   the   name   makes   its   first   appearance   in   909   as   Regembald.   In   the   history   of   Lunas    there   was   is   charter   dated   5   June   909,   that   grants,   from   the   Earl of   Toulouse,   the   Diocese   of   Nimes   to   Regembald,   Abbot   of   Psalmodi.   Psalmodi   was   an   abbey   on   an   island   in   the   mouth   of   the   Rhone.   The   name   changes   in France   to   the   modern   French   spelling   of   Regimbeau   and   in   the   early   1700s   the   name   begins   to   appear   in   numbers   at   Gignac    in   France   (a   small   village   near Montpellier). There are now more than 100 Regimbeau families listed in French telephone directories. It is notable that the above connections to the church (Bishops, Abbots etc), Germanic, Italian and French are all Benedictine. In   English   history   there   is   Regenbald,   listed   in   the   Doomsday   Book   as   a   Lotharingian,   a   northerly   germanic   frankish   kingdom   running   from   what   is   now   Alsace to   the   Dutch   coast.   Regenbald   was   described   as   a   Presbyter   (a   religious   elder)   and   found   great   favour   with   Edward   the   Confessor,   whom   around   1066, named   him   as   England's   first   Chancellor.   Edward   wrote   that   whosoever   denied   Regenbald   the   land   and   privileges   bestowed   upon   him   by   the   King,   would   no longer   be   considered   a   friend   of   the   King.   He   is   thought   to   have   fallen   from   power   in   the   reign   of   William   the   Conqueror   and   returned   to   the   continent.   In Anglo-Norman Studies volume X by Simon Keynes there is a chapter titled "Regenbald the Chancellor" (pages 185-222) detailing his time in power. America   received   its   first   immigrant   Regimbeau   in   1906.   The   ships   manifest   of   the   Hudson   sailing   from   Le   Havre   to   New   York,   shows   the   arrival   at   Ellis Island   on   3rd   December   1906   of   Julien   Regimbeau,   male,   aged   17,   from   Alhis?   or   Clehis?   (bad   handwriting),   travelling   to   San   Francisco   with   no   onward ticket. A mention has been found of a Regimbeau in California in 1910 so maybe he made it! A French book of surnames lists Ragimbeau as : Ragimbeau   -   Name   of   people   of   Germanic   origin   found   in   the   Hérault   (Raginbald,   ragin   =   council   +   bald   =   daring).   It   is   a   very   rare   surname,   and   thus   the geographical origin can be elsewhere. A German book of surnames lists Reginbald as : Reginbald - ragin+bald; Herzog von Clusium um 775; Bischof von Speyer 1039 Reginbald - ragin+bald; Duke of Clusium circa 775; Bishop of Speyer 1039 An Italian book explains Ramboldo as : derives from the Longobardo name Rambold (Rhambald), composed from rham (the Council) and baltha, that it means dared. The Rambaldo name we find it also in the 959, historical sources recall that the Court of Lovadina was assigned in investiture from Garibaldo King of Longobardi to the Conte Rambaldo of Treviso, one of the forerunners of the family of Conti di Collalto. Reginbaldus, Regimbaldus, Reginobaldus - Latin (n & m are commonly transposed) Regimbaldo, Ragimbaldo - Etruscan Ragimberto, Ragimbert - Lombardy (Italy) Reginbold, Reginbald - Swabian (Germany) Regimbeau, Regimbaud - French Ragimbeau - English (Jean Regimbeau, born 1831in France, moved to England where the name was mis-spelled to accommodate the English pronunciation, Ragimbeau was used for over a century)   Please e-mail me with a ny comments on or additions to this page
Ce texte à été produit par Leigh Regimbeau en Angleterre et traduit par Line Audet la conjointe de Bernard Regimbeau Version Française Version Anglaise
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